The written and witnessed contract when renting is considered as a guarantee of rights of both parties; the owner and tenant.
However, those rights cannot be used unless there is a need to, which means that both parties will not be able to use or claim their rights except in certain circumstances or variables.
For example, some disputes and disagreements may arise between the two parties (the owner and tenant), and the may want to terminate existing tenants from the house or from any property; in such cases, the owner has no right to do so unless there are conditions require that.
However, the Turkish Civil Code set these conditions as follows:
When does the owner (the owner of the house or property) have the right to evict the tenant and annul the contract?
1 - The owner has the right to evict the tenant when he needs the house; whether the same owner or one of his ascendants (father and mother), descendants (son, daughter, and grandchildren), or who the owner must take care of, then the tenant can be evicted legally.
2- The owner has the right to evict the tenant from the house when he wants to reform, paint, enlarge, reconstruct, or do any such thing, provided that the tenant cannot stay at home during these amendments (and vice versa) then the owner has the right to evict the tenant after giving him a time limit for evacuation.
As for the unlimited term contracts (such as the monthly contract) the tenant is given one month after being informed about the appropriate period. If that period ended and the tenant did not evict, the owner has the right to annul the contract legally and resort to the court.
3- The owner has the right to evict the tenant if the evacuation is delayed after the contract ended. In this case, the owner has the right to resort to the court within one month after the contract ended.
4- As for the contracts which terms are less than a year (for example, a monthly rent or six-month contracts), if the tenant during this period wanted to extend the contract for a year or more, he will be obliged to pay twice (two rent payments), one for the rent time agreed up on in the contract in addition to the added period, each rent separately. For example, if the tenant wants to rent for a period of 8 months with a certain amount of money at the beginning, then he wanted to stay for an additional four months, he has to pay rent of another full year. In this case, it is counted as a year and eight months, not a year only. And if the tenant refuseed to pay, the owner has the right to evict the tenant or annul the contract by the court and the law.
5- If the tenant or the one who lives with him such as his wife has a house or an appropriate property within the region or the neighborhood, and the owner did not know about it during the period of the contract, then the owner has the right to evict him at the end of the contract and resort to the court within one month after the contract ended.